Going Back to Work Next Week

It has been almost two months since I have been to work now, although the first week was my vacation. We went up to Ohio to see Jean’s Mom and Dad, then the day we got home I went up to the grocery store to buy dishwasher detergent and a jug of milk. Some guy ran the light up at the top of the hill. He was not drunk, but the police suspected that he was stoned on something. At first I did not think it was that bad, but my legs were messed up. A Glendale physical therapy clinic is working on me right now, because I spent three weeks without walking and of course if you do not use the muscles in your legs, then they are going to waste away on you. Keep Reading →

Speaking More Than One Language Eases Stroke Recovery

An artist's drawing of a human mind.

There are ways to reduce your risk of having a stroke — for example, you can exercise more and not smoke. But should a stroke occur, you might also be able to reduce your risk of losing brain function if you are a speaker of more than one language.

In a new study, bilingual stroke patients were twice as likely as those who spoke one language to have normal cognitive functions after a stroke, according to findings reported today (Nov. 19) in the journal Stroke.

The reason for the difference appears to be a feature of the brain called “cognitive reserve,” in which a brain that has built a rich network of neural connections — highways that can can still carry the busy traffic of thoughts even if a few bridges are destroyed.

“People with more mental activities have more interconnected brains, which are able to deal better with potential damage,” said Dr. Thomas Bak, a researcher at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland and a co-author of the study. “Language is just one of many ways of boosting the cognitive reserve,” he added. [10 Things You Didn’t Know About You]

A stroke occurs when

Bright Light Therapy Can Ease Depression Symptoms

A woman streches in front of a large window in the morning sun.

For people with depression, using “bright light therapy” either alone or combined with an antidepressant might help treat their condition, a new study suggests.

In the eight-week study of 122 people with major depression, the researchers found that people who were treated with either a bright light box or a combination of light box therapy with an antidepressant drug experienced more improvement in their symptoms than people treated with a placebo.

In comparison, those treated with an antidepressant drug (without light therapy) did not show improvements over those taking only a placebo pill.

“It is not unusual that an antidepressant — or any treatment [for depression] actually — is not statistically better than placebo,” said study author Dr. Raymond W. Lam, of the University of British Columbia in Vancouver.

It is commonly known that people with depression who participate in clinical trials get better even with only a placebo, he said. It’s possible that the contact with the treatment team and regular appointments that come with being part of a trial help people with the condition, he said. [7 Ways Depression Differs in Men and Women]

“So the fact that,

Researchers Grow Vocal Cord Tissue That Can ‘Talk’

Human vocal folds

Researchers have grown vocal cord tissue in the lab, and it works — the tissue was able to produce sound when it was transplanted into intact voice boxes from animals, according to a new study.

This tissue engineering technique could one day be used to restore the voices of patients who have certain voice disorders that are otherwise untreatable, the researchers said.

However, more research is needed before the new technique could be brought to an actual clinical trial in humans, the researchers said.

“This is years away from trial just because of reality of the regulatory requirements,” said study author Nathan Welham, a speech-language pathologist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Vocal cords consist of two flexible bands of muscle that are lined with a specialized tissue, called mucosa, which vibrates as air moves over the cords, generating the voice.

When mucosa is injured, it scars and stiffens, which may lead to the loss of a person’s voice. Some existing treatments, such as collagen injections, can partially fix the damage, but work only as a short-term measure, the researchers said. Moreover, many of these treatments don’t fix the issue of sound output, Welham told Live Science.

“This thing that we have

Unemployment takes its toll on young people’s mental health

Young people who are not in education, employment or training (NEET) are committed to working but vulnerable to experiencing mental health problems, according to a new study by researchers from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN) at King’s College London, Duke University and the University of California.

The current generation of young people faces the worst job prospects in decades, yet previous research into how ‘NEET’youths feel about their own prospects and how unemployment affects their mental health is scarce.

Using the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, researchers assessed commitment to work, mental health problems and substance use disorders in more than 2,000 British young people transitioning from compulsory schooling to early adulthood at the age of 18. 12 per cent of the participants were not in education, employment or training.

The study, published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, found that NEET participants showed greater vulnerability for mental health issues, including higher rates of mental health and substance abuse problems. However, when interviewed about attitudes toward work and actual job-seeking strategies they had used, the NEET youth reported higher levels of commitment to work and more job searching behaviours, as compared to non NEET youth in the

Helping Clients with Their Physical Difficulties

I had a sports injury about 20 years ago and had to go to physical therapy. I hated every minute of it, mainly because I just did not feel comfortable there. That meant that I did not do everything I should have, so sometimes it still flares up. I was involved in a car accident a few months ago, and my doctor told me he wanted to go to physical therapy in Glendale because it had further injured my knee. That was the last thing I wanted to do, but I really had no choice because I was having a hard time walking.

I had to use a cane when I first went there, and I admit that I was very resistant. Keep Reading →

Man’s Rare Heart Disorder Went Unnoticed for 67 Years

ORLANDO, Fla. — A man in Florida only recently learned, at age 67, that his heart is different from others’ in a major way: One of the chambers of his heart is divided in two, according to a recent report of his case.

The condition, known as a double-chambered right ventricle, is extremely uncommon, said Dr. Valeria Duarte, a cardiology fellow at the University of Florida who presented the case here today (Nov. 10) at a research meeting called the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions.

Even among those who have it, it’s “very, vey rare to diagnose it in adulthood,” Duarte told Live Science. The condition is usually diagnosed in infancy or early childhood, she said. It most frequently appears in people with other congenital heart defects, which are also typically diagnosed early in life, she said.

The man did indeed have another congenital defect that he was aware of — a condition called ventricular septal defect, which is a hole in the wall of the heart that separates the two lower chambers, or ventricles. Because the hole was small and not causing problems for the man, he had not had it repaired.

Still, he was unaware that he had a double-chambered right ventricle.

The

Parents Targeted by TV Ads Putting Healthful Spin on Kid’s Drinks

Television commercials for children’s foods and drinks that are aimed at parents may misrepresent nutritionally poor, sugar-laden products as healthy, a new study suggests.

In the study, the researchers looked at commercials for children’s packaged foods and beverages that aired on TV in the United States between 2012 and 2013. The researchers split the ads into two categories: those that targeted children and those that targeted parents, based on the characteristics and themes of the ads. For example, ads that were animated were classified as targeting kids, whereas those that portrayed family bonding were classified as targeting parents.

The researchers found that the ads that targeted parents tended to feature messages about health, and images of active lifestyles. For example, ads for sugar-sweetened drinks often touted the drinks as having “40 percent fewer calories than most regular soda brands,” according to the study.

In contrast, ads that targeted children tended to focus on the themes of fantasy, coolness and the taste of the products.

By using this two-pronged approach to marketing to parents and kids, food-manufacturing companies may be trying to increase the chance that their products will be purchased, said study author Jennifer A. Emond, an instructor at Dartmouth College’s Geisel School of